Norway. Norway is in a league of its own when it comes to e-mobility. The Scandinavian country has 538 CPs per 100,000 inhabitants. That’s 228 or 74% more than Luxembourg, the country ranking second with 310 CPs per 100,000 people. When it comes to EV adoption, Norway also compares to the rest of Europe like Haaland compares to the rest of the Premier League. In Norway, there are 11,197 EVs per 100,000 inhabitants. Again Luxembourg follows in second place and again the difference is huge – Luxembourg counts 2,262 EVs per 100,000 inhabitants.
Innovators. While far behind Norway, the innovators (Luxembourg, Sweden and the Netherlands) still have a notable lead on the rest of Europe. All three countries count between 1,819 (Netherlands) and 2,262 (Luxembourg) EVs per 100,000 inhabitants and also have a well-developed public charging infrastructure with 265 (Sweden) to 310 (Luxembourg) chargers per 100,000 people.
Early adopters. The early adopters have made some progress towards electrified transport. Denmark, for example, reports 1,930 EVs per 100,000 inhabitants – more than the Netherland’s 1,819 – but lags behind in terms of charging infrastructure, with just 156 CPs per 100,000 people (the Netherlands has 279).
Early majority. Electrification is underway but doesn’t quite match up with the previous categories. Germany, for example, ranks well for EV adoption (6th) but only comes 11th for CPs per capita.
Late majority. Just ahead of the laggards, e-mobility is just emerging in the late majority.
Laggards. With 12 countries, the laggards are by far the biggest group and show delayed e-mobility progress. None of them count more than 283 EVs or 59 CPs per 100,000 inhabitants. Interestingly, all countries in this group are either in the east or south of Europe.
Norway’s undisputed lead distorted the scale so much here that we had to adjust it slightly to make comparisons more apparent:
The charging speeds between operators vary significantly. Three distinct groups are apparent in the violin plot: